National Museum of  Women in the Arts 1994

UCLA Library 2010

  • p. 8

UltraModerno: A Arte do Brasil Contemporâneo: Uma introdução.

  • p. 38

J. Carlos had already modernized the graphic representation of laughter by the beginning of the century, and Nair de Teffe, his contemporary, used her caricatures to shatter graphic norms in that first decade. Popular music which had also developed a modern national language before other media, found a pioneer in Chiquinha Gonzaga. Because she was willing to be daring in the field of music it fell to her to explore the theme of desire through the lascivious rhythms of the Maxixe.